one of your tourists gets bitten by a snake while on a tour in the bush. whats the first thing you do even before giving first...

...aid,whats the first aid you give him/her while transporting him/her to the nearest health centre and what advice should you be giving your tourists regarding snake bites?


Country: Kenya


there are varieties of snakes, such as puff adder, sand boear,cobra, green mamba, black mamba, and many more, now the content of leatheal per bite very from different variety of snakes, and in the example given above green mamba is the most dengerous snake, if one of your tourist got bitten by the snake, it is important for you not to panic, try and tighten the injured part with a rope, a thread or a piece of cloth, the main aim is to block the normal flow of the infected blood to other vital organ, such as heart because leatheal work in a systematic manner where it paralyzes this vital organ to death, then your suppose to cut this infected part with a sharp razzer and try and drain the blood out, you can also suck out the blood with your mouth if possible, but take cuation not to swarrow the blood. as safty starndard rule, it is always paramount to encourage your visitors to be extra careful as they explore this beautiful country after all prevention is better than cure
you got the part right about the first aid though you forgot to first identify the type of snake that bit the shudnt assume just because you in the bush then its a green mamba! assumptions are the last thing you should be doing when it comes to someones life. you still have the rest of the question to answer.
The first step to take is to try as fast as possible to identify which type of snake bit the tourist.This due to the fact that some snakes are highly poisonus while others are not.Snakes line black mamba,puffader are normally poisonus, while some like the boomslang may not be very poisonus.Once the snake has been identified the the process of first aid can start.Even then the process of identifying the and administering first aid should take the shortest time as possible..
you got the first part of the question right about identiftying the type of snake before doing anything else,it is paramount to know what bit your still have the rest of the question to answer.
After the bite get one person to tie a belt between the bite and the heart. This will slow the movement of the venom.Also clean the wound and try to suck out the liquid in the wound.Take the person to the nearest health facility.In Kenya government run facilities have antivenom for the snakes within the locality. If it is possible look at the snake and get some characteristics/description this helps identifying the right antivenom to use.

General Advice
When trekking or walking in any grassland or wooded area always wear high heeled shoes and boots if one has a pair.This will prevent the snake and other creatures from biting since almost all bites are on the ankle area.

Also do not explore holes in the ground or on tree trunks.These are the main hiding spots for snakes.

Above all be very observant since snakes do not usually attack, they defend themselves when we enter their territory.

When entering any national park or game reserve talk to the officials at the gate they usually give valuable advice on the areas snakes may be found and also the types of snakes in the area.

Enjoy your holiday!
good answer, i would add telling the tourists to wear long trousers as well made from thick material,as many tourists like walking around with shorts.that helps cover the legs.
Identify the snake which could be difficult for a lay person ,
You should know where is the nearest antidote for venom, not all hospitals have them. if the snake is poisonous like Black mamba or Puff adder you have less than 10 minutes to reach the anti dote to save the person ...after that it could be certain death.

I would advice to make noise when walking in bust to scare any animals including snake, wear long trousers and shoes to avoid being bitten
If someone saw the snake, then that's all you that information you have, DO NOT try to catch the snake since that's the quickest way to a second snake bite victim! Take the victim to the nearest medical center as quickly as possible.

DO NOT attempt to suck on the wound site! As soon as the snake bit the venom passed into the blood stream, there is no venom to suck out! DO NOT try this!

Keep the victim as calm as possible, this will help keep their heart rate down and slow the passage of the venom.

DO NOT apply a tourniquet, the venom has entered the blood stream already, all you will be doing is causing the victim to panic! Keep the bitten part of the body below the heart to reduce the speed at which the venom will travel.

Watch the victims vital signs and be prepared to give mouth-to-mouth or similar.

Thanks for the good question, please get answer
How close will I get to the animals?
Because you are traveling in protected game reserves, many of the animals have no fear as long as you are in a vehicle. You can get surprisingly close, especially when lions are busy feeding on prey, or at rest. Elephants often walk up to and even surround a minibus. Monkeys and baboons may study you as closely as you study them. But natural behavior will only continue if you give the animals some space and are quiet. If you go too close, or talk too loudly, the animals may just leave. Most animals will be more interesting if allowed the space to continue their natural behaviors- stalking, mating, playing with their young. Your driver will know the best viewing distance. Please do not encourage him to "stalk" or otherwise interfere with hunting or other activities crucial to the animal's survival.
Eyes On Nature Expeditions is a one-stop travel booking and information service to a number of different East African countries for holidays and adventure safaris . In addition ; We know our destinations and our products very well. We are in a position to give you good advice on the best hotel, rental car, tour or safari to suit your particular requirements. We are committed to working to the highest industry standards. We have many of our past clients who are happy to share their experiences with you. Please visit our home page and see what some of our clients have to say about us.
Together with our partners, we are based in the African destination whose travel services we are selling. For this reason we are usually able to get you very good prices with a discount of up to 30% of the standard rates

Please do not hesitate to contact us for any additional information or assistance that you may require. Individual and discounted group rates also available on request
We aim to create that special relationship which converts our business partners and visitors into life longtime friends.

Yours Sincerely,

Is a safari dangerous?
Familiarizing yourself with the most likely kinds of snakes to be encountered can be helpful before setting off on your trip, since a knowledge of their habits and haunts should help you be able to keep out of their way. There is a lot of discussion about which snakes are “aggressive” and will attack – the King Cobra, Bushmaster, Tropical Rattlesnake and Mamba often topping the list – while others, such as Gaboon Viper, are said to be harder to offend. It is probably best not to rely too heavily on this kind of talk – like people, there are irritable and tolerant members among all kinds of snakes.
Although they can be deadly, the danger of being bitten by venomous snakes is very small compared with cholera, dysentery and many other diseases which abound in the same parts of the world – and statistically less risky than driving to the airport. It is perfectly possible to stay safe without spoiling your trip – by remembering that old proverb about an ounce of prevention beating a pound of cure. Remember too that not all snakes are poisonous; only around 20 per cent of the world’s 3,000 or so species are and of these only around a third are harmful to man – so the odds are in your favour to start with!

No, not if you stay within the marked boundaries of your lodge or in your minibus. Your guide and driver know what is, and is not, safe. Incidents involving animals are rare in East Africa and are, almost without fail, the result of someone doing what they have been advised not to do. Nairobi is a big, bustling city. Avoid wearing flashy jewelry, hold onto your purse and camera bag, beware of clever conmen and don't walk in the city at night. Do not wear money belts, since they can easily be cut off from the rear. It is always a good idea when you travel to keep a photocopy of your passport in your suitcase and another at home. It's a fact that traveling on safari is safer than traveling in most U.S. cities. The people are friendly, and the government patrols the game parks - their most treasured resource- for the safety and benefit of all.

Eyes on Nature Expeditions is big enough to fully cover all your tour requirements yet small enough to empathetically involve itself in your tour with quality personalized /customized services.

Other services provided by Eyes on Nature Expeditions include:-
• International and domestic airline ticketing;
• Tailor made FIT (Fully Inclusive Tour) International itineraries to suit your client’s needs;
• Long or short tour packages within Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, South Africa and Seychelles;
• Incentive tour programs which includes stays in prime properties and exotic locations;
• Airport/hotel/Airport transfers;
• City and local excursions;
• Shopping itineraries;
• Airport transfers;
• Conferencing and event management;
• Special interest groups such as Golfing, Honeymoon, Bird watching, Fishing safaris and others.

Please do not hesitate to contact us for any additional information or assistance that you may require. Individual and discounted group rates also available on request.

We aim to create that special relationship which converts our business partners and visitors into life long friends!

Yours Sincerely,


first thing to do when one is bitten by a snake and before ministering first aid
a good question
when bitten by a snake and before ministering first aid stay calm why?
.most snakes are harmless
.secondly even those which are harmful will only minister venom in half of their bites
step to be observed if one is bitten by a snake and before ministering first aid
1.stay calm
2.try not to move the bitten limb this will help to prevent the venom from spreading,if any
3.bitten limb and i repeat should be below heart height
4.tie off the bitten limb
5.rush the victim to the hospital.

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