what's the environmental and other importance of chobhar?


City: Kathmandu

Zone: Bagmati

Country: Nepal


Chobhar is nice place for Bird Waching. and cycleling,
It is beautiful spot for day tour around it has incredible gorge of Bagmati River and may historical monuments to see there. You may go for birding and dry picnic there ... located on the way of Dakshinkali temple.

have you nice holiday....

All rithgt!This place is historical place and it is the origin point of Kathmendu valley .Manjusri has cut the Mountain of chovar with his axe and there was big pond on the vally around 400 a.d.And he has make drain and this valley became resideatial Area.The environment is just okey not so sound round chovar.There are some parks although not resturant and so on thk bye
Its an important place for both culturally and environmentally as Chovar is the only major outlet for the Bagmati river to flow and has many historical legends. At the same time river is always an important, natural assets for we human.
The Bagmati river is one of the two mid-size rivers which flow through the Kathmandu Valley and separates Kathmandu and the smaller city of Lalitpur. The river originates at Bagdwaar in the northern hills of the Kathmandu valley and flows through several important parts of Kathmandu, including the temple of Pashupatinath, the holiest Hindu temple in Nepal, and the site of the sacred cremation ghats. The river joins with the Vishnumati at Teku Doban and passes through the Chobar Gorge to the south of the valley, where the Chobar temple complex is located. From here, it flows out of the Kathmandu valley to eventually become part of the Ganges. Many Buddhist and Hindu temples are also located on the banks of this river. Legend says the gorge was cut by the sword of Manjushri, a Buddhist Bodhisattva. In this way, the Bagmati river is considered as a holy river both by Hindus and Buddhists.

The importance of Bagmati river also lies in the fact that Hindus are cremated on the banks of this holy river, and Kirants are buried in the hills by its side. According to the Nepalese Hindu tradition, the dead body must be dipped three times into the Bagmati river before it is cremated. The chief mourner (usually the first son) who lights the funeral pyre, must take a holy river-water bath immediately after the cremation. Many relatives who join the funeral procession also take a ritual bath in the Bagmati River or sprinkle the holy water on their bodies at the end of the cremation. The Bagmati river is therefore considered to purify the people both spiritually and physically.

Only two decades back, the Bagmati river system and its environment was healthy enough to support the civilization around it and provided the inhabitants of Kathmandu with their drinking water and water for irrigation. This river was not valued only because of its water but also because it was the best place in the valley to extract sand and because it served as a disposal sink for the waste water produced in the valley.. Unfortunately, the increase in the volume of resources (sand) used, and the amount of waste water discharged into the Bagmati River due to haphazard urban growth of the Valley in the past few decades have become so high, that the self-purification of this river is beyond its capacity.

Therefore the key issues needed to be focused on in order to protect this holy river are:
1. Encroachment of the land (because of various reasons such as agricultural plots, squatter settlement, solid waste dumping).
2. Heavy extraction of sand in river territory along with heavy water extraction.
3. Solid waste disposal and waste water discharge into the Bagmati River.

Many organizations have come up to combat these issues pertaining to the Bagmati River. However, due to lack of planning, regulations, enforcement, and implementation of appropriate and effective plans and projects for its conservation, there has not been any significant improvement in the state of the Bagmati River.

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